Ranthambore is the most exotic, adventurous historic place in Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan around 180 kilometers away from Jaipur the capital of the state. The place holds significant historic importance. The Ranthambore Fort is part of the World Heritage Site. The Fort describes the bravery and glory of the rulers of the Chauhan Dynasty. Since the place was converted to a wild life sanctuary in 1957. The Fort now lies within the Ranthambore National Park. Formerly it served as the hunting place for the kings of Jaipur before 1947, independence of India.
History of Ranthambore
The ancient name of Ranthambore was Ranastambha or Ranastambhapura and was mostly associated and dominated by Jainism. Siddha Senasuri included this place in Jain holy places during 12th century. The fort of Ranthambore was built in 944 by Nagils who were supposed to be considered as the descendants of Nag Vanshis. The fort was captured by different dynasties during various historical periods. It remained in the kingdom of Mewar Rana Hamir Singh (1326-1364), Rana Kumbha (1433-1468), Rana Udai Singh (1468-1473), Sultan Bahadur Shah (1532-1535), Mughal Emperor Akbar 1559. In 17th century it remained to the emperors of Jaipur till the independence of India.
Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary
Ranthambore National Park is located at the intersection of Aravali and Vindhya mountain range. The park is spread approximately in 400 sq Km area adjoining 100 sq Km area of Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary. Ranthambore is famous as a major Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan. After converting to a wildlife sanctuary, later in 1973 it was covered under Project Tiger. In 1981 it got the status of the National Park.
Tourists visit Ranthambore to have the glimpse of royal animal like Bengal Tiger. The park caters as a heaven to the photographer community. Be wildlife or nature love,r Ranthambore offers equal scenic beauty to capture through camera. It is said that the tigers found at Ranthambore have become human friendly and even one can enjoy full hunt in front of human visitors. Through regular visit of vehicle and human in the area tigers have developed a habitat accordingly.
The other species of animals that could be spotted in the reserve include Leopards, Striped Hyenas, Sambar Deer, Chital, Nilgai, Common or Hanuman langurs, Macaques, Jackals, Jungle cats, Caracals, Sloth bears, Black bucks, Rufoustailed Hare, Indian Wild Boar, Chinkara, Common Palm Civets or Toddy cat, Common Yellow Bats, Desert Cats, Five striped Palm Squirrels, Indian False Vampires, Indian Flying Foxes, Indian Foxes, Indian Gerbilles, Indian Mole Rats, Indian Porcupines, Long eared Hedgehogs, Ratels, Small Indian Mongoose, Small Indian Civets and Common mongoose.
The Ranthambore National Park remains open from October to June. During the monsoon the park remains closed as in rains it becomes difficult to travel across the jungle. The Safari is available in morning and noon for three hours duration approximately. You can enjoy the safari in a big 20 seats canter or a 6 seats open jeep.